Can You Keep Guinea Pigs Outside?

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Can you keep guinea pigs outside? It can be challenging to know whether or not your pet can live outdoors. There are many factors that can affect their lives, and it’s important to consider them all before making a decision.

The temperature can vary greatly depending on where you live, and some regions may have periods of time when the weather is too hot or cold for guinea pigs to live safely outside. They can also be susceptible to pests and other animals, which can lead to them becoming sick or injured.

In this article, we’ll take a closer look at the factors you need to consider when deciding whether or not to keep your guinea pig outside.

A top view of two guinea pigs eating a bok choy on the dry ground in the cage

Can Guinea Pigs Live Outside?

Guinea pigs can live outside in a controlled environment, but they should never be left unsupervised.

Build a Shelter or Hutch

If you live in an area with extreme weather conditions, you will need to provide a heated or cooled shelter for your guinea pig.

The guinea pig hutch or shelter should be large enough for your guinea pig to stand up and turn around in, and it should have a solid floor that is covered in bedding material.

You can use straw, hay, or leaves as bedding, but avoid using cedar shavings because they can be harmful to your guinea pig’s health.

Your guinea pig’s hutch should also have a hiding spot where your guinea pig can escape the sun or wind. You can create a hiding spot by using a cardboard box or an old T-shirt.

Provide Water and Shade

If you live in a warm climate, you will need to provide your guinea pig with plenty of water and shade.

You can place a water dish in the shelter, or you can attach a water bottle to the side of the shelter. You can also place a shady spot in the yard where your guinea pig can relax.

Provide Food and Toys

In addition to a shelter, you will also need to provide your guinea pig with food and toys.

You can feed your guinea pig pellets, fresh vegetables, and fruit. Your guinea pig will also enjoy playing with hay cubes, wooden blocks, and plastic balls.

If you decide to keep your guinea pig outside, make sure that you provide a safe and comfortable environment for them.

If you can’t provide a suitable environment, it is best to keep your guinea pig inside.

Things to Consider When Deciding to Keep Guinea Pigs Outside

When deciding whether or not to keep guinea pigs outside, there are a few key things to consider.


One of the most important factors is climate; most guinea pigs can only tolerate temperatures between 40 and 85 degrees Fahrenheit, so depending on your location, you may need to bring them inside during colder months.

Food and Water

You’ll also need to make sure your guinea pigs have access to plenty of food and water, as well as a place to hide from direct sunlight and wind. If your guinea pig doesn’t have enough water, it can suffer from dehydration. On the other hand, the lack of food may cause starvation.

A guinea pig with soft tri-colored fur stays on dry ground with dry leaves

Potential Predators

If you live in a rural area, you’ll also need to worry about potential predators; in addition to dogs and cats, raccoons, opossums, and hawks can all be dangerous to guinea pigs. To counter this, make sure your guinea pig’s shelter or hutch is predator proof.

So before making the decision to keep your guinea pig outside, be sure to weigh all of the pros and cons to make sure they’ll be safe and comfortable.

When Can You Keep Guinea Pigs Outside

As a pet parent, you may be wondering can you keep a guinea pig outside. The answer to this question is it depends on the time of year and your location.

In general, guinea pigs can live outside, but there are some specific times of the year when it is better to have them inside.

If you live in a temperate climate, you can keep your guinea pigs outdoors during the spring, summer, and fall.

Make sure they have a shaded area to relax in and plenty of water to drink. In the winter, it is best to bring your guinea pigs inside because the temperature can get too cold for them.

If you live in a tropical climate, you can keep your guinea pig outside all year round. However, you will need to provide it with a shaded area and plenty of water to drink.

It is important to monitor your guinea pigs’ health when they are outside. Make sure they are not too hot or too cold and watch out for predators that may want to harm them.

What Can Happen if a Guinea Pig Lives Outside for Too Long

While it is mostly safe to keep guinea pigs outdoors, there are a few things that can happen if they live outside for too long.

First of all, when guinea pigs live outside for too long, they can become sunburned. Guinea pigs are not used to being in direct sunlight for an extended period of time and can get very bad sunburns. This can cause them to be in pain and can also lead to skin cancer down the road.

Another thing that can happen if guinea pigs live outside for too long is that they can get parasites.

Guinea pigs can easily pick up parasites like worms from the soil or from other animals. These parasites can make guinea pigs very sick and can even be deadly in some cases.

Guinea pigs can become very cold in the winter due to the cold temperatures if they live outside. Similarly, they can get too hot in the summer. This can cause them to get sick and can also lead to death.

Finally, guinea pigs that live outside can become very lonely and bored. They may not have anything to do and may not have anyone to talk to. This can lead to them becoming depressed and can even cause them to die.

All of these things can happen if a guinea pig lives outside for too long. It is important to consider all of these things before deciding if you should keep your guinea pig outdoors or not.

Two guinea pigs with short soft fur eating a bok choy on dry ground in the cage

The Benefits of Keeping Your Pet Inside With You Instead of Outside 

There are many benefits to keeping your pet inside with you instead of outside.

When your guinea pigs live indoors, you can ensure that it is safe and secure. Pets can get into a lot of trouble when they are outside, and they can easily get lost or injured.

Keeping your guinea pigs indoors can also ensure that they are comfortable and warm. Pets can easily get sick or injured when they are outside in bad weather conditions.

When you keep your pet inside, you can also ensure that it is healthy and happy. Pets can develop health problems when they are exposed to the sun and the elements for extended periods of time.

When guinea pigs live outside in unfamiliar surroundings, they can become stressed and anxious. Keeping your pet inside can help to keep it healthy and happy.

If you are looking for a safe and comfortable place for your guinea pig, consider keeping it inside with you.

Pets can enjoy the same level of freedom and comfort when they are kept inside, and you can rest assured knowing that they are safe and secure.

Final Thoughts

In conclusion, you can keep your guinea pig outdoors, but only in temperate climates during the spring, summer, and fall. In cold or tropical climates, it is best to keep your guinea pig indoors. Ideally, guinea pigs should have a shaded area and plenty of water and food. Make sure to monitor your pet’s health and well-being when it is outside, and be aware of the potential dangers that can occur.